Earth’s climate is changing rapidly and by 2040 CO2 emissions will reach a dangerous point. Water you drink and the air you breathe will be more contaminated. The money in your bank account will be spent on artificial oxygen gas, not on buying other goods. Saving the climate is in the hands of the human race and looks like right now none of us are making an extra effort to save the environment.
Have you ever wondered what would happen if we lose the fight against climate change? One thing is for sure, everything that I have mentioned formerly will come true. Are you ready for the catastrophe? To be honest, none of us are ready. In fact, some people think that there is no such thing as global warming. As soon as you walk out of the door all one can see is man-made facades, increased population, soaring temperatures, and harmful gas emissions. It is not a good sign and you need to look at the climate change reports published by the Fourth National Climate Assessment before you do anything else.
Climate change – Why and how is it happening?
Why and how climate change is happening? The answer to this question is both obvious and easy. There are thousands of studies on climate change and scientists across the world document the cause behind climate change. For instance, look at the recent Asia-Pacific climate change. It was recently reported that natural calamities in the past two years occurred due to climate change. Toxic smog, flooding, landslides, heat waves, water scarcity, droughts, cyclones, etc. These all are live examples of climate change and Asian megacities are facing these climate atrocities every year.
To explain why and how climate change is happening. Let us take a close look at the elephant in the room – global warming. What causes global warming. Well, first and foremost human activities, especially emission of heat-trapping greenhouse gases, industrial waste, deforestation, and more vitally excess waste dumped in the form of plastic. All these reasons contribute to global warming. Not only this but also the climate changes have so far increased the concentration of CO2 by 40% in the past few years. Which, in turn, is enough to cause the depletion of the ozone layer.
The future of the environment depends upon the increase and decrease in greenhouse gas emissions. If it continues to grow at the speed of light, we might have to face serious health concerns and catastrophic consequences in the near future.
Its impact on society
It is not just the Asian countries but Americans too are being affected by climate change. To say the least, the impact is far-reaching and it is evident across the health, agriculture, energy, water supply, and transportation sectors. If we talk about human health, it is affected by extreme weather conditions, decreased air quality, diseases transmitted in the human body through insects. As far as the agriculture sector is concerned, it is pretty easy to point out the changes. Drastic changes in weather are disrupting the cycle of plants and trees responsible for giving us food. Not only this, but there will be a time when the American food supply will run out of raw material.
In some regions, the impact of climate change is such that it is leading to large wildfires, excessive soil erosion along the coastal regions, heavy downpours. Eventually, all these changes are affecting the roads, airports, ports, and energy infrastructures. Also, it is quite evident that the capacity of the ecosystem is being compromised. At the same time, there are longer growing seasons with increasing temperatures and deteriorating carbon dioxide levels. Also, it is to be noted that increased CO2 level is the cause of aggressive pollen production, longer ice-periods and intensified global warming.
How to respond to climate change
While humans are busy buying the best dogs breed for protection, raising walls to keep the refugees out, and discussing political matters on debates, our climate is suffering. Under such circumstances, every country including America faces a decision on how to respond. Some actions have to be prepared and adjustments are mandatory. This is how supposedly the people of America can respond
To improve the climate, we have to adapt and mitigate. In other words, we have to reduce the negative impacts on the environment by taking new opportunities. On the other hand, mitigation means that we all have to limit the emission of CO2 by minimizing the use of natural resources. Adaptation and mitigation are two strategies that can help us save the environment in the long run. Both these strategies complement each other and while mitigation will reduce the future risks, adaptation will decrease the effect of the changes already happening.